Religion in India
Religion in india
Hinduism is an Indian religion which teaches us the real way of life. It is practiced in the Indian subcontinent and Asia. Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world and refers as Sanātana Dharma, “the eternal tradition”, or the “eternal way”, beyond human history. Hinduism is various Indian cultures with diverse roots. This “Hindu synthesis” started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE, after the end of the Vedic period (1500 to 500 BCE) and flourished in the medieval period, with the decline of Buddhism in India.
Hinduism constitute about 1.2 billion of the global population is the most widely professed faith in religion. Hinduism is the third-largest religion after Christianity and Islam, which is roughly 95% of the world’s Hindus population in India. Hindu religion is unique in that it’s not a single religion but a compilation of many traditions and philosophies. Hindu texts are classified into Śruti and Smṛti.
These texts discuss theology, mythology, Vedic yajna, philosophy, Yoga,
agamic rituals, and temple building, among other topics. Major scriptures
include the Vedas and the Upanishads, the Mahabharata, the Ramayana, the
Puranasn and the Āgamas. Hindus believes in the four Puruṣārthas, the proper
goals of human life to achive namely ‘’Dharma
(ethics/duties), Kama (to do righteous things in life or action) Artha
(prosperity/ gains), and Moksha (liberation/freedom from the cycle of death and
Hindu rituals are puja (worship) and recitations, japa,
meditation (dhyana), family-oriented rites of passage, annual festivals, and
occasional pilgrimages. Some Hindus leave their social world and material
possessions, then engage in lifelong Sanyasa (monastic practices) to achieve
Moksha. Hinduism explains the eternal duties, such as honesty, refraining from
injuring living beings, patience, forbearance, self-restraint, and compassion,
among others. Let’s understand some keys of Hinduism.
Diversity and unity
The Hindu religion beliefs are very vast and diverse. There are different theologies and sacred texts. This diversity has led to an array of descriptions for Hinduism. According to the Supreme Court of India, Hinduism does not have a founder. It is a blend of various traditions and culture
Hindu community believe in Dharma (ethics), Karma (action, intent and consequences), Samsāra (the cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth), Moksha (liberation in this life), and the various Yogas (paths or practices).
Dharma (righteousness, ethics)
Dharma is considered one of the main goal of human being in Hinduism. The concept of Dharma includes behaviors that are considered to be duties, rights, laws, conduct, virtues and “right way of living”. It includes the moral right, religious duties, and duties of individual, as well as behaviors that enable social order and right that are virtuous. According to Dharma nothing is higher than it. The weak overcomes the stronger. Dharma is the Truth (Satya). When a man speaks the Truth, they say, “He speaks the Dharma” and if he speaks Dharma, they say, “He speaks the Truth!” For both are one. In the Mahabharata, Krishna defines dharma as upholding both this-worldly and other-worldly affairs. The word Sanātana means eternal, perennial, or forever; thus, Sanātana Dharma signifies that it is the dharma that has neither beginning nor end.